International Investment Agreements Key Issues Volume Ii
Some also contain provisions that take into account public policy in the context of development, for example. B health or environmental exceptions or essential safety exceptions. Some IAs also give countries specific regulatory flexibility, particularly when it comes to making investment liberalization commitments. Bilateral investment agreements focus on the reception, treatment and protection of foreign investments. They generally cover investments by companies or individuals of a country in the territory of its contractor. Preferential trade and investment agreements are agreements for cooperation between countries in the economic and trade fields. As a rule, they cover a wider range of topics and end at the bilateral or regional level. To be classified dansi, it is necessary to include, among other things, specific provisions concerning foreign investment. International tax treaties focus on the issue of double taxation of international financial activities (e.g. Β regulation of taxes on income, wealth or financial transactions). They are usually concluded bilaterally, although some agreements also concern a larger number of countries. In the past, several initiatives have been taken to develop a more multilateral approach to the definition of international investment regimes.
These essays include the Havana Charter of 1948, the draft United Nations Code of Conduct for Transnational Corporations in the 1980s, and the Multilateral Agreement on Investment (MAI) of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) in the 1990s. . .