Monthly Archives

73 Articles

Yang Dimaksud Dengan Gentlemen Agreement

Posted on

According to wikipedia, it can be interpreted as follows: Informal and legally non-binding agreement between two or more parties. In general, it is an unwritten agreement, but there is also a written agreement. Pancasila was first extracted from a document signed by members of the Commission of Inquiry on the Preparation of Indonesia`s Independence (BPUPKI) under Sukarno`s leadership. The document is known as the Jakarta Charter, signed on June 22, 1945. The birth of the Jakarta Charter was initiated by the BPUPKI meeting on 29 May 1945. Several agendas were discussed during the meeting. An important agenda that requires further discussion is the basis of the country. Some members spoke on the basis of the Indonesian state. First, Moch. Yamin spoke. He proposed five state bases.

Because at trial, it was Moch. Yamin, the first to propose the five regulations, also claimed that Pancasila was behind his idea. An Indonesian citizen who was born, raised and works in Jakarta; A MarComm manager in a new Digital Travel Services in Jakarta. Of course, this type of effort garnered protests from different quarters and eventually led to an almost chaotic situation at the end of New Order`s reign. Pancasila`s ideological efforts in the private sector, in one way or another, will only divide the nation, not strengthen unity. In fact, Pancasila`s function is a gentlemen`s agreement and not a column. Moreover, this ideological process was deliberately created to get rid of a certain group of forces that contributed to the birth of this nation. The end will certainly lead to the disintegration of this nation. Secondly, Pancasila should have an open meaning as the basis of the agreement-based state. A deal has something in common.

Any attempt to impose an interpretation of the agreement on the other party is in fact a violation of the agreement; And they will certainly fail. The New Order`s biggest « mistake » in maintaining Pancasila was to make Pancasila a unique principle with a unique interpretation of P4 (Guidelines for The Appreciation and Practice of Pancasila). This constraint can be interpreted as an attempt to make Pancasila a closed ideology. This brief change, after Hatta`s confession in Mohammad Hattas` memoir, the afternoon before the PPKI meeting, he arrived at a Japanese naval officer at the request of Nishijama, an assistant to Admiral Maeda. The officer indicated that Catholics and Protestants in eastern Indonesia strongly opposed the Seven-Word Islamic Clause in the preamble because it was considered discriminatory. If that sentence were still contained, they would prefer to be outside the Republic of Indonesia. Until the end of the process, on 1 June, there was no final agreement on the basis of the country. Finally, Sukarno appointed an eight-person task force to review the country`s basic formulation on the basis of the views expressed by participants in the previous session. The team first managed to reposition the nine-person team, with sukarno still able to settle down.

On June 22, 1945, Sembilan`s team was able to complete its task of developing a project to be presented during the second period, from July 10 to July 17, 1945. This project was called the Jakarta Charter, which Sukarno read before the meeting of 10 July 1945. Until the end of the process, the results of Sukarno`s team, Nine, were agreed, as it is, and were placed as the opening of the Constitution, which was also completed at the time.

Who Is The Debtor In A Security Agreement

Posted on

Section 9 applies to any transaction « that creates an interest in security. » In Section 1-201 (35), the UCC defines security interests to personal property to ensure payment or performance of an obligation. such as « interest in personal items or devices that ensure payment or performance of an obligation. » It may consist of the security agreement itself as long as it contains the information requested by the UCC, but it is generally much less detailed than the security agreement: it « simply indicates that a person may have an interest in the security of safeguards[.] … Further investigation of the parties involved will be required to reveal the state of the situation. Single Code of Trade, Section 9-502, Official Note 2. The financing plan should contain the following information: many lenders are reluctant to enter into agreements that would jeopardize their ability to obtain adequate compensation in the event of a late payment from the borrower. Entrepreneurs seeking financing from multiple sources may find themselves in difficult positions when borrowers need security agreements for their assets. Small businesses, in particular, can only have a small number of real estate or assets that can be used as a credit guarantee guarantee. CollateralProperty given as collateral for a debt. « Real estate that is in the business of a security interest or an agricultural pawn. » Single Code of Trade, Section 9-102 (12). The form of funding may vary from state to state, but see Figure 25.3 « UCC-1 Funding Statement » for a typical funding plan. Minor errors or omissions on the form do not render it inoperative, but the debtor`s signature is required, unless the creditor is authorized by the debtor to file without a signature, making it easier to deposit without paper. Single Code of Trade, Section 9-506; Unique Code of Trade, Section 9-502, Comment 3. An « instrument » is « a negotiable instrument (verifications, projects, notes, certificates of deposit) or any other writing conferring a right of payment of a monetary obligation, which is not a guarantee contract or a lease agreement, and which is of a kind which, in the context of a normal transaction, is transferred by delivery with all the necessary goods or transfers. » « Instrument » does not include (i) investment property, (ii) letters of credit or (iii) writings proving a right of payment resulting from the use of a credit card or loading card or information on the card or for use with the card.

Single Code of Trade, Section 9-102 (a) (47). As noted above, a security agreement cannot be considered valid if the guarantees are not properly described. In particular, security descriptions should not be overly broad or general. Too broad a description may include a lump sum description or call the debtor « all assets. » (D) Security is deposit accounts, electronic chat paper, investment property or credit rights, and the insured portion is controlled in accordance with sections 9-104, 9-105, 9-106 or 9-107 of the debtor.

What Is The Master Student Financial Assistance Agreement

Posted on

If your financial institution is not a SecureKey login partner or you don`t want to use this service, you can access login information (username and password) via GCKey, a Canadian government service. You can also find instructions for filing agreements on the Alberta Student Aid website: MSFAA describes your responsibilities and the terms and conditions for accepting and repaying your student loans. The Master Student Financial Assistance Agreement (MSFAA) is a legal document that defines your responsibilities and the conditions for accepting and repaying your student loans. MSFAA is a multi-year contract. Students who are part of the following groups must complete the MSFAA to obtain public funds (subsidies and loans) for the academic year: your MSFAA does not show you how many federal and provincial loans or grants you receive. You will receive a separate assessment notice from your province or territory to inform you of the amount of financial assistance you receive for students. In future study periods, when the student has been approved for funding, loans and scholarships will be awarded once the school has confirmed enrolment. In order to allow for processing time, agreements should be concluded at least two weeks before the end of the study period. All unpaid funds are cancelled if agreements are not reached with service providers or if the problems related to the agreements are not resolved before the end of the study period.

When a student is first admitted to full-time financing, he or she must enter into a « loan contract » before they can obtain funds. There are two separate agreements: your MSFAA does not specify which support you qualify for; You will receive a separate assessment notice from your province or territory, which will inform you of the amount you receive in federal and provincial loans, as well as any Canadian provincial scholarships or scholarships for which you can qualify. Students submit their agreements directly to service providers and receive their funding from service providers. If a student`s agreements are incomplete or have errors, the appropriate service provider tries to contact the participating (s) participant to resolve the issue. As a general rule, contracts must be signed only once (if the borrower gets their first loan at the federal or provincial level) as long as the borrower remains a full-time student. However, a student must sign new contracts if the student: for example: if a student files his MSFAA full-time Canada, but does not file his Alberta student aid agreement, he receives only his federal funds and vice versa. The Master Student Financial Assistance Agreement (MSFAA) replaces the old loan contracts of the Confederation and the provinces. Because it is a multi-year contract, it is more efficient and easier to use.

What Is A Proffer Agreement

Posted on

Here are some important questions on which you should participate in the decision to attend an offender meeting: If you have a criminal accused or a suspect in a federal criminal investigation and might attempt to cooperate with the Crown or federal prosecution authorities, you need an experienced federal lawyer who includes interviews and important information on whether you conclude in an agreement with the government. Second, cooperation can be prudent if the risks of the accused are significant and if his cooperation allows him to obtain great recognition for his cooperation. This credit could mean that the person who is cooperating cannot be charged for a crime, or that the person could be charged with a minor offence, or that cooperation could eliminate or minimize a prison sentence. The most common type of collaboration is a promoter interview. However, the government can still track improvements to certain facts that exist regardless of the presentation provided by the criminal guidelines. The government gets a lot from an agreement. In addition to information that may lead to additional evidence and involve other defendants, prosecutors can assess your viability as a witness. Later, when you testify in court, anything you said during the session that contradicted you or forgotten in the gallery can be used to punish you. An offer is an opportunity for a person to tell the government what they know about an investigation.

They are common in white-collar examinations. Most proffers are made with informal understanding that if the government, if it is convinced that you are telling the truth at the Proffer meeting, will then conclude a formal and written immunity agreement or a plea with you. (But don`t expect this informal understanding to be reflected in the written agreement to proffer that you and your lawyer will sign. Indeed, in the vast majority of cases, the formal agreement written to proffer explicitly states that neither immunity nor pleading were made.) As a result, your lawyer and the prosecutor would have already developed informally before sitting down at the Proffer meeting, a fundamental understanding of: 1) what you are likely to offer; and 2) what the post-ad-ffer immunity or the proposed opposition agreement will look like. As you, your lawyer and the federal prosecutor, are not entirely clear about part of this informal agreement, you are heading for extremely dangerous ground. What for? Because proffering will almost always hurt you if, after immunity/advocacy, discussions fall and the government decides to charge you. For the same reason, if the prosecutor is not trustworthy or if you are not willing to tell the full truth, the proffer meeting should never take place. A suicide agreement is a written contract between a federal prosecutor and a demassor or a person who is the subject of a criminal investigation, where they will enter into an agreement to provide useful information to the prosecutor.

What Agreement Ended Religious Warfare In Germany In 1555 What Were The Terms Of This Agreement

Posted on

The Protestant Reformation was the religious, political, intellectual and cultural upheaval of the 16th century, which fragmented Catholic Europe and established the structures and beliefs that would define the continent in modern times. In Northern and Central Europe, reformers such as… Read more The interim was overthrown in 1552 by the insurrection of the Protestant voter Maurice of Saxony and his allies. During the negotiations in Passau in the summer of 1552, even the Catholic princes had called for a lasting peace, fearing that the religious controversy would never be resolved. However, the emperor was not willing to recognize religious division in Western Christianity as permanent. This document was foretold by the peace of Passau, which in 1552 granted religious freedom to Lutherans after a victory of the Protestant armies. According to the Passau document, Karl only granted peace until the next Reichstag, whose assembly was convened in early 1555. Nevertheless, the political situation remained confused. When Luther criticized the spiritual authority of the Catholic Church, the princes seized this opportunity, sent from heaven, to take advantage of the situation for their personal advantage: they took control of the churches, limited the activities of the clergy and confiscated their property. Moreover, the publication of Luther`s theses calling for greater social justice has been interpreted by some members of the population as a radical revolution in society.

Extremists and prophets have come forward. Thomas Munster denounced temporal knowledge and insisted that God had revealed his will directly to his elect; he called for the destruction of the wicked, whom he gradually wanted to associate with the powerful. The pietists stressed the importance of emotional reactions in religion and also inner spirituality, prayer and individual sanctification; The main members of this movement were P.J. Spener (1635-1755), A.H. Francke (1653-1727), Count Zinzendorf (1700-1760) and his fraternal community of Moravia. Great progress has been made in the teaching of technology before its time. The university hall was well known. Thus the French entered the conflict in 1635. But at least initially, their armies were unable to advance against Ferdinand II`s troops, even after his death in 1637. Without heirs, Emperor Matthias tried to ensure an orderly transition during his lifetime by electing his dynastic heir (a burning Catholic ferdinand of Styria, then Ferdinand II, emperor of the Holy Roman Empire) among the separate royal thrones of Bohemia and Hungary. Ferdinand was a supporter of the Catholic counter-reform and was not in favour of Protestantism or Czech liberties. Some of the Protestant leaders of Bohemia feared losing the religious rights granted to them by Emperor Rudolf II in his letter of majesty (1609).

Victoria Secret Credit Card Agreement

Posted on

We have received a series of reports of people who are having difficulty making payments on this card, either because of problems with the payment processing system or because of administrative errors. Apparently there is no Autopay feature with this and a few other maps from the Comenity Bank, which is a major drawback. (It`s 2020, Comenity! Get yourself with time!) The Victoria`s Secret Angel Card offers strong benefits and rewards for victoria`s Secret Shopper, who spend a considerable amount of money on their lingerie. Just pay attention to its high APR; You won`t want to carry credits on the card, or there may be more curse than a blessing. Hello, Kirstie! Is it possible that you gave them your email during check-out for a previous purchase? They may be a member of their loyalty program and not realize it. Even if you visited the VS website, it asks for your email in advance. It is doubtful that someone made a purchase on your behalf, but you could contact them if you are concerned. www.victoriassecret.com/?cm_mmc=SEM-_-GOOGLE-_-VSD_Brand+-+General+-+BMM-_-VS+-+BMM&&gclid=CjwKCAiA0O7fBRASEiwAYI9QAgVB2VL0cEnnqAbgrz2R1Rc-o0BjNH356TEhgKGDgSCTvM7MgAS1zxoC24EQAvD_BwE&gclsrc=aw.ds As mentioned above, there is currently no way to view/print your actual rewards directly from the map management platform. Comenity Bank is the issuer of the Victoria`s Secret Angel Card, and it is known to have a lot of problems themselves. Most problems focus on customer support and payment processing, although many cardholders report that their credit limits are also significantly reduced.

This is especially important for the fishing card, as it has a very high APR, like most memory cards. Be sure to pay your entire account statement balance each month to avoid interest charges. If you don`t, interest charges (also known as financing fees) can quickly deny all the rewards you earn. If you`re looking for a flexible bonus card that earns bonuses for daily spending categories or deserves travel benefits, this is not the card for you. Unfortunately, we have received a number of complaints about this card, including customer service and how payments are handled. If you use this card, make sure you pay your account and pay your bills before the due date to allow processing delays and give you time to correct errors. Consider paying for your purchases during the month before your statement of account is generated. However, you are entitled to double points if you make a credit card payment in the store at the time of purchase. This bonus points offer is only available once a month and bra purchases are not allowed for double points.

Victoria`s Secret cardholders receive rewards based on the value of their purchases, both online and in-store. There are three different reward levels: Angel, Angel VIP and Angel Forever, which reflect the amount of money spent over a 12-month period. All cardholders will receive one point for each net purchase of $1 on their Victoria`s Secret credit card. Once a cardholder receives a certain number of points, i.e. spends a certain dollar, he moves on to the next level. Victoria`s Secret cardholders can use Comenity Bank`s co-brand platform to manage their account. Since the beginning of the year, I have received many angelic awards, with no value to them.

Us Free Trade Agreement Implementation Bill 2004

Posted on

· Both sides reaffirm their obligations as members of the International Labour Organization and strive to ensure that their national laws provide for labour standards consistent with internationally recognized labour principles. The agreement makes it clear that it is inappropriate to weaken or reduce occupational health and safety at the national level in order to promote trade or investment between the parties. Calendar 1 of the act consists of two parts. Part 1 deals with U.S. products of origin or rules of origin, the implementation of Chapter 5 of the AUSFTA, and Part 2 deals with the delegation of supervisory authority for certain trade posts (implementation of Article 4.3.2 of AUSFTA). · This is the largest immediate reduction in industrial tariffs ever achieved in the case of a U.S. free trade agreement, and will bring immediate benefits to U.S. workers and businesses in the manufacturing industry. U.S. producers estimate that the abolition of tariffs could result in $2 billion a year in increasing U.S. exports of industrial products. (b) prejudge or prejudice any decision by the Trademark Clerk under the Trademark Act 1995 regarding or infringing a trademark application. · Engages both parties to authorize the seizure, forfeiture and destruction of counterfeit goods and unauthorized products as well as equipment used in their manufacture.

In addition, there are plans to enforce goods in transit to prevent offenders from using ports or free trade areas to trade in pirated goods. In criminal and border matters, measures can be taken automatically to ensure more effective enforcement. A major problem with AUSFTA, from Australia`s long-term trade perspective, is the rules governing free trade agreements in the WTO. Article XXIV of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT 1947) provides that free trade agreements (and customs unions) essentially cover all trade. While AUSFTA excludes sugar and a number of services covered by a subset, it would be difficult to argue that it does not meet this criterion. However, the Marrakesh Agreement (1995) clarified Article XXIV (which had been increasingly ignored by GATT members) and strengthened its discipline. (49) In particular, the duration of free trade agreements (Article XXIV:5 c) was limited to ten years, except in exceptional cases.

Ubc Apps Agreement

Posted on

Recognizing the importance of making timely decisions for the proper functioning of the university and bereaved persons, the parties will endeavour to set conciliation dates as soon as possible. The arbitrator will make his decision within 14 days of the end of the hearing. The arbitrator`s decision is final and involves the parties. No arbitrator can amend a provision of collective agreements. 7.4.8 (A) PresidentIn case the parties are unable to reach an agreement in accordance with Section 7.4.7, each party presents to the President, within ten working days of his last notification, a written opinion on the issues, including a copy of the Ombudsman`s recommendations to the President. The President will recommend to the Governing Council, at the next meeting of the Council, a set of remunerations for the members of the bargaining unit. 7.1 Type of negotiation relationships Negotiating relationships are governed by the principles of a common vision contained in the preamble to this agreement. One of the negotiating objectives of both parties is to reach an agreement that is intelligent, effective and improved, or at least does not undermine relations between the parties. Among the characteristics that guide the negotiations are: the CUPE 116 collective agreement | Aquatic Centre Collective Agreement I am pleased to announce that the UBC Board of Governors has ratified the new collective agreement. We appreciate the speed with which the university was able to ratify the new agreement. 7.4.5 (A) Recommendations of the OmbudsmanIn case the Ombudsman fails to assist the parties in reaching an agreement, he makes written recommendations to the parties on the resolution. The Ombudsman examines the financial situation of the university in the implementation of its recommendations. These recommendations are not binding on the parties.

They are submitted to the AAPS for ratification and to the university for approval. 7.4.7 (B) Other meetingsIn the ten working days following receipt of the fact-finder`s report, the parties meet for a new period to reach an agreement. Such a period does not exceed ten working days. 7.4.7 (A) Other meetingsIn the event that one of the parties does not ratify or approve, if necessary, the Ombudsman`s recommendations, the parties meet for a further ten days to reach an agreement. This period does not exceed ten working days. 7.7.1 Parties` interestsThe parties have a clear and immediate interest in a procedure providing for a timely solution in the event of a breach of their agreement. 7.4.2 (A) Selection of the OmbudsmanOr written request from one of the parties to the other party, the parties jointly choose a mediator within ten working days of receipt of the application. No mediator can assist the parties in reaching an agreement until the provincial government is aware of the university`s operating grant.

If the parties do not agree on a mediator within this time frame, the Supreme Justice of the Supreme Court of British Columbia will be invited to proceed with the selection. 7.4.4.2 (A) if the worker feels that his or her support is needed to help the parties resolve the problems, the worker tries to negotiate an agreement. In the event that the parties fail to reach an agreement on the basis of the Ombudsman`s instructions in accordance with Section 7.4.4.1, the Ombudsman surrenders in accordance with Section 7.4.4.2. 7.7.7 Step 3 – ArbitrationA arbitrator is chosen by mutual agreement between the parties. If the parties do not agree on an arbitrator within 14 days, the Supreme Justice of the Supreme Court of British Columbia will be invited to proceed with the selection. Collective Agreement (pdf)See also: | Wage Tables | website BCGEU Sun Life Booklet (pdf) | Main | Page Benefits Advanced Health Care 7.7.2 DefinitionA The complaint is an allegation by AAPS or the university that there is a breach of the collective agreement.

Trade Agreements Thresholds

Posted on

Subject: Updated thresholds for free trade agreements With respect to international trade agreements, federal government authorities are generally listed in the first annex or section of The Canadian Market Access Plan. Examples: The public procurement obligations of other trade agreements in which the Government of Canada participates will continue to apply. It is strongly recommended that companies review the obligations under these agreements to ensure that they establish the changes resulting from the resignation of NAFTA. The list of general exceptions to a trade agreement is generally included in the « Safety and General Exceptions » section of the « Public Markets » chapter; However, some trade agreements, such as the CPTPP. B also include exceptions in a specific « Exceptions » chapter. Examples: In December 2019, the USTR set the applicable supply thresholds from January 1, 2020 to December 31, 2021. Every two years or so, the thresholds for trade agreements for the World Trade Organization Agreement on Public Procurement (WTO) and free trade agreements (FTAs) are adapted according to pre-defined formulas under the agreements. These thresholds will come into effect on January 1, 2020. On December 23, 2019 (84 FR 70615), the U.S. Trade Representative issued new thresholds for contracting. The U.S.

Trade Representative has set the following new thresholds: this final rule transposes the new thresholds into the FAR 25.4 subsection, trade agreements and other sections of the FAR that contain thresholds for trade agreements (i.e. 22.1503, 25.202, 25,603, 25.1101 and 25.1102). Service coverage varies according to international trade agreements. It is important to note that in some ITAs, such as the WTO GMA, the general rule is that only the services specifically mentioned are covered, while in others, such as the Canada-Chile Free Trade Agreement, the general rule is that all services are covered, except those specifically mentioned. Examples: every two years, the thresholds are updated in free trade agreements. This notice amends the thresholds set out in the 2018-01 Contract Policy Notice to provide new thresholds expressed in Canadian dollars. All thresholds are valid for the period from January 1, 2020 to December 31, 2021. This is a bilateral trade agreement between Ontario and Quebec, in accordance with the CFTA.

The OQTCA`s open tender thresholds for goods, services and construction are identical to those set out in the broader Public Procurement Directive and the Public Procurement Directive, including construction. This threshold is set at $100,000. From 1 July 2020, the thresholds for public procurement in which free trade agreements in which the federal government participates apply apply: if contracting is covered by more than one trade agreement, all applicable trade agreements must be respected at the same time, taking into account the strictest procedures of the trade agreement. Canada and the United States are both signatories to the WTO ACCORD, which provides Canadian companies with free trade protection for their participation in U.S. federal supply markets, similar to NAFTA. This domestic (inter-provincial) trade agreement replaced the Internal Trade Agreement (TIA) on 1 July 2017 and encouraged open purchasing practices between public sector organisations.

The North American Free Trade Agreement Pdf

Posted on

Mexico is the third largest trading partner of the United States and the second largest export market for U.S. products. In 2018, Mexico was our third largest trading partner (after Canada and China) and the second largest export market. Total trade in goods and services totaled $678 billion and this trade directly and indirectly supports millions of jobs in the United States. In 2018, the United States sold $265 billion in U.S. products to Mexico and $34 billion in services for a total of $299 billion in U.S. sales to Mexico. Mexico is the top or second largest export destination for 27 U.S. states. NAFTA allows your company to send qualified goods to customers in Canada and Mexico duty-free.

Goods can be challenged in different ways depending on NAFTA`s rules of origin. This may be because the products are fully obtained or manufactured in a NAFTA party, or because, according to the product`s rule of origin, it takes enough work and equipment in a part of NAFTA to make the product what it is when it is exported. The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), which came into force in 1994 and created a free trade area for Mexico, Canada and the United States, is the most important feature of bilateral trade relations between the United States and Mexico. On January 1, 2008, all tariffs and quotas for U.S. exports to Mexico and Canada were eliminated under the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). NAFTA covers services other than air, marine and basic telecommunications. The agreement also provides protection for intellectual property rights in a wide range of areas, including patents, trademarks and copyrighted material. NAFTA`s procurement provisions apply not only to goods, but also to contracts for services and work at the federal level. In addition, U.S. investors are assured of equal treatment for domestic investors in Mexico and Canada. Once you have found that your product is qualified for NAFTA, read the next section to explain that the product is qualified for preferential tariff treatment.

The issuer of a written declaration of origin must, in addition to other supporting documents, certify that, in accordance with NAFTA rules of origin, goods are considered original products for products entering Canada for a period of five years from the date of import of goods for products entering Mexico. For products that are not fully purchased, you must follow the product`s original rule, usually due to a tariff lag or regional value content. Learn more about how to read and enforce FREI trade agreements. For more information about the USMCA, please visit the USTR website. The rules of origin (ROO) are contained in the final text of the free trade agreement. From time to time, a particular roo may be revised. You`ll find the latest version of ROC in the U.S. Harmonized Tariff Plan, General Notes — General Note 33. In addition to the rules of origin mentioned above, there may be other ways to qualify your product.